What Are Some Factors That Influence Consumer Purchasing Decisions?

In this digital world of e-commerce, there are several factors that influence that influences customer behavior. In this article, we are going to look at the 7 factors that influence any customer’s behavior.

  1. Economic factor plays a vital role in the sale of any product. This is the foundation of any purchase and if people can not afford anything they would not be buying any even if they need the product.
  2. All the features and functions that any given product offers results in its desirability. If any product has practical features and is quite useful, all the consumers would not hesitate in buying it.
  3. The promotion and marketing of the product also play an important role in its sales. If done right, the marketing of any product can boost its sales significantly and even increase its credibility among its users. If you need marketing tips you can click this link now.
  4. The personal factor that include stuff such as lifestyle, occupation, and age also plays a role in this process. Anyone would like to buy a product that appeals to their taste and style and is useful to them in their professional and personal life.
  5. Perception, learning, and motivation are the psychological factors that play a vital role in shaping the mind of any consumer. These psychological factors can make or break any deal.
  6. Social factors such as family groups and peer pressure can also make any consumer buy a product. They can be influenced by the product as they see their friends or family members using the same thing.
  7. Cultural factors such as living conditions, area, and cultural environment surely affect the mind of any buyer which can boost or decrease the sale of any product.

These are the most common factors that influence the behavior of any consumer as they set out for shopping. All the sellers and business owners should consider the following points as they start or scale their business.

3 Skills You Can Teach Your Preschooler in an Hour or Less

You’re stranded at home on a rainy, snowy, or sick day with your preschooler and wondering what to do. Why not take advantage of this opportunity to teach him or her a useful life skill that she’ll need to learn eventually anyway? The following skills are things that can normally be taught to your preschooler in an hour or less. Your preschooler will feel a sense of accomplishment; you’ll have fun together, and you can pat yourself on the back for helping your child achieve another important milestone.

Tying Shoes

By the time your child is about four, she likely has the fine motor skills necessary to learn how to tie her shoes, and you can teach her how to do it in an hour or less. Get some fun-colored shoe laces that are slightly wider than normal. These are easier for little hands to manipulate. First show her how to tie a knot. This is the simplest part of shoe-tying and with a few repetitions she should begin to understand. Next, for tying the bow, try the “bunny ears” approach. Have her make two separate loops and then tie those into another knot. This is a useful shortcut and is much easier for preschoolers to learn than the traditional shoe-tying techniques. Once she’s begun to get the hang of it, encourage her to tie her own shoes and show off her shoe-tying skills to other people. Repetition is the best way to learn a skill like tying shoes, so the more opportunities you give her to show off, the more quickly she’ll learn!

Learning His or Her Phone Number

Knowing his phone number is an important skill for all preschoolers to learn and critical for safety in an emergency. One of the simplest ways to teach this skill is to turn his phone number into a song. Sing the phone number together like a nursery rhyme until he’s memorized it, and then explain to him that this is an important way for people to get in touch with each other. If he’s beginning to recognize numbers, you can also practice dialing his own phone number with him once he has it memorized.

Writing His or Her Name

Learning to write her name doesn’t require her to understand letter sounds, or even to know her ABC’s. The only prerequisite for your child to learn to write her name is that she needs to understand how to draw a line and how to draw a circle. Teach her one letter a day until she’s got the whole thing down, and then show her how to combine it.

Most kids are excited to learn to write, so your child will probably be eager to learn this important skill. If she’s a bit more hesitant, however, give her some cool crayons, markers, or finger paints and turn it into an art project. She can even draw faces on the letters after she’s drawn them! Break each letter down into smaller component parts, and have her draw the parts individually and then work on combining them. Letters are just a combination of circles, dots, and lines, so breaking letters down makes learning them much less intimidating. Don’t worry about handwriting or getting the letters just right. It’s even ok if she draws them backwards at first. The key is for her to begin to master writing her name, and the specifics can come later.

The preschool east gwillimbury is one such school for kindergartners that also teaches the above things in a more detailed manner.

What to Do with a Water Damaged Wii

Getting a game console wet definitely isn’t a great idea, especially if you’ve got a browser as rare and expensive as a Nintendo Wii. The Wii’s electronics are very delicate, so if you’ve somehow gotten it drenched through a mishap at a pool party or an errant gaming session in the bathroom, you need to move fast for the best chances of keeping your Wii working.

Here’s a guide for what to do when your Wii gets water damaged.

1. First of all, don’t try to turn it on. The first basic rule of electronics is that electricity in water don’t mix–or, rather, they mix excellently, and they’ll fry the motherboard of your Wii. It can be alarming to realize that your game console’s all wet, but resist the urge to plug it in to see if it works. You need to give the Wii time to dry out before you can try to run it again, at minimum 48 hours or so.

2. Clean the outside of the Wii. Just us a dry cloth to dry out the Wii; gently shake it to dislodge as much water as possible. You might put a fan on the Wii to speed the cleaning process, but you shouldn’t try to use anything heated, as that’ll do more damage than good–I’ve read stories of people trying to put their Wiis in the oven or using a hair dryer. These will warp the electronics and loosen the soldering.

3. Leave the Wii off for a few days. Then you can try it; there’s a good chance that the Wii’s electronics weren’t fully affected by the water, and you may have a working unit. This all depends on how dirty the water was and how fully the Wii was covered with water. If the Wii doesn’t work and you’re fairly handy, you may attempt to open it up to see if there are any obviously damaged parts that you can fix; you can use a bit of isopropyl alcohol and a clean, soft rag to clean the electronics and especially the lens of the disc reader. Your warranty’s already invalidated, so if you want to open up the Wii, go for it, but make sure it’s unplugged and make sure to ground yourself before touching anything.

4. If it’s completely busted, don’t throw it out. Sell it on eBay; be clear about what had happened to the Wii, and which components you think were affected. There are parts buyers out there that will buy any Wii to salvage what they can, so you can often get $100 or more to put towards your purchase of a new unit.

These are the most common ways of protecting your Nintendo Wii. With the help of pussy888 apk  you can get in touch with your nearest repair shop as well.

 

Five Common Tactical Mistakes in Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2

Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 is one of the most popular first-person shooting games on the market in recent years, and with millions of people playing the game on-line, you need to take advantage of the common mistakes made by players while avoiding them yourself. These are pitfalls that can hurt the game of even a very good player. Going through this list can help you fine tune your style and start getting more kills, fewer deaths, and have a better time. Here are the mistakes that so many people make when small adjustments to play style can give your game a nice boost.

  1. Dropping your reticle.

This is one of the easiest things to avoid and you may not even realize that you’ve been doing it. Dropping your reticle means letting your aim drop closer to a potential opponent’s waist when you should be aiming for the upper torso or head. Crouching enemies require only a slight correction and the vast majority are either running or standing. Every character model is the same height, and with even a little attention you can start to correct yourself. Aiming for an enemy’s torso while they are aiming for your head will lose the fight almost every time. A well-placed head shot will use fewer bullets, require fewer reloads, and therefore reduce the chance of getting caught unprepared, bringing us to the next point. The excitement and fun this game brings to players can be compared to situs judi bola resmi because it entails a lot of challenges and amazing features as well.

  1. Reloading needlessly

Timing the reloading of your weapon is one of the most important skills to master and one of the most neglected. Getting caught while reloading by an enemy more than melee distance away is almost certain death. You may often see people reloading in an open doorway or while rushing around a corner. Those people die a needless death. Reloading after just a few shots is rarely necessary and makes you spend more time practically unarmed. Avoiding this mistake means being aware of relative enemy positions, available cover nearby, and how many teammates are around to take fire while you’re swapping magazines. Switching to a secondary weapon is faster than reloading, and reloading a completely empty weapon takes longer than one that has at least one bullet left in it. Sometimes the pressure is on and you have to reload under fire. Keep in mind that sprinting, however briefly, cancels reloading immediately and leaves the weapon in its previous state. A quick tap to sprint followed by aiming will give you access to your weapon with whatever remaining ammunition you had before you started.

  1. Unrealistic kill-streak rewards

Over a short period of playtime you’ll discover about how many kills you typically get in a row without dying, and therefore which kill-streaks you will most often have access to when they’re set. Having a 25-kill-streak tactical nuke may seem like a nice plan but how often are you ever going to have access to it? If you typically get a five to seven streak, plan accordingly with a predator missile or harrier strike and perhaps a higher than normal reward for when things work out well in your favor. With more skill will come higher kill-streaks. Don’t forget that kill-streak rewards will continue to stack kills when used during the same life. Get a five streak and call in a predator for two kills and you can earn a harrier. Call that in without dying and it will get you even more kills towards another reward. For high-end streaks a seven kill helicopter followed by an eleven kill chopper gunner is a good way to access an EMP or the tactical nuke. Both have the potential for a number of kills and you can hide yourself away from danger while they work.

  1. Camping

“Camper” is a common insult in on-line games. It insinuates a lack of skill or fighting dirty, but a great number of people use camping to increase their kill-streak. With a good team to back them up they can succeed, but camping has a major drawback that can be exploited too easily to make it a sound plan. Bullets in Modern Warfare 2 penetrate surfaces. An RPD with full metal jacket tends to ignore the limitation of walls. Being killed by campers on numerous occasions only to take them out with some well-placed shots through a wall or floor, is satisfying. The main drawback for campers, and a big benefit for everyone else, they tend not to move even a little. When you’re killed and re-spawn you know they’re right where you left them, easy to flank and take out.

  1. Reliance on one weapon

This can also mean a reliance on just a few weapons. While not always a problem, depending on which game types you prefer, in general it’s a good idea to become familiar with a wider variety. Not only will this give you more variety in your play and throw off enemies that are used to particular tactics, but clearly all weapons are not suitable for all situations. The RPD is a powerful gun with lots of ammunition, but it’s slow to carry around and on a very large map you’ll take so long getting to the scene of battle that often you’ll find the players have moved on. Also, sniper rifles on small maps are problematic because hitting most targets without looking down the powerful scope is difficult. Learning what to use and when, and having a degree of skill with numerous weapons will make you a far better player than one who focuses entirely on one or two weapons.

Examining your play style and knowing these common mistakes will help you become a better player as you’re more aware of how you move and what to use. Finding good positions without getting pinned down, taking care to reload when it’s safe to do so, and aiming for the most deadly targets are keys to the most effective players. Teamwork is a must, but a team of poor players with flawed style will often lose to a smaller group of efficient and effective players. Make the most of your own game and you’ll make any team you join a better and more powerful group.

What A Tank Is In The World Of Massive Mulitplayer Online Games

When you hear the word “Tank” the first thing that comes to mind is usually a heavily armored vehicle capable of both taking a lot of punishment and dealing a lot of damage. Some astute people will also attribute the “Tank” with protecting the small humans that are operating the machine inside of it. In the realm of MMO’s, this idea is not entirely wrong either but it certainly does not complete the story and if you jump into an MMO thinking a “Tank” class will be able to stomp over everything and protect your party members just by being there you will be in store for not only a lot of group wipe’s but some choice words from your main healer. You should check out Situs Judi Bola Online before you get into the world of online gaming. You get tips that you can use to improve your gameplay as well.

Some key concepts about a real Tank class includes having High Hit points to withstand the burst damage you will be taking when first engaging the enemy; High Armor or High Evasion to mitigate that first burst of damage and reduce the overall healing load placed on your group’s main healer and most importantly having an ability that causes whatever you target to immediately hate you and solely target you instead of someone else in your group.

When you play a Tank your responsibilities are split into two timeframes, before a fight and during a fight.

Before a fight:

Your job before a fight is to decide what group of enemies your team will take on next, and once you have picked out the group to engage you now have to pick the spot to fight them at. Will you bring the enemies back to your group? Will you run into the enemies and have your group follow you? These questions may seem trivial but you must realize that location matters, what if you choose to fight the enemies where they currently are, charge in and then suddenly you see another group of enemies patrolling right behind that group. That patrol is going to see you and now you have two groups of enemies versus your one group of players and it is all your fault.

After the enemy has been selected, the type of pull has been determined it is now time for strategy. Which enemy should die first? Should any enemies be targeted by special abilities of your group? If there is a character who can put enemies to sleep you will want to make sure the Hunter on your team is not shooting the sleeping enemy because he will not only wake up but the enemy is going to march straight over to the guy who put him to sleep and make him regret ever grouping with you. If the game allows marking the enemies with special symbols, make sure you do it, make sure everyone knows what symbol means what and make sure you do it quickly. Everyone loves a Tank who is orderly and clearly marks targets but no-one has patience for a Tank who takes more time setting up a fight then actually fighting, with the exception of a boss fight.

Last, you need to make sure everyone in the group is ready to fight; the worst thing a Tank can do is pull an enemy group while the main healer went afk to get a drink, you can be sure he will not be happy when he comes back and sees his corpse laying on the ground.

During a fight:

After you successfully engage an enemy group it is not happy fun time nor is it time to just turn on auto-attack and alt-tab out, both will lead to your group dieing and you getting stuck with the repair bills. The primary function of the Tank is to make sure that every single enemy is either fighting you or effectively out of combat by either being put to sleep, feared or mesmerized. If you see an enemy break off from you and start charging the main healer, you need to Taunt it and quickly. Then you need to reposition the enemies back into the correct area you marked earlier. Letting enemies get away from you and hit your group members is the quickest way to build a “bad tank gg” reputation and you do not want that.

The most important advice I can give is: Keep the enemies on you and everyone in your group will praise your name.

 

Gamer for Life

If there were a game that I could credit for my life long addiction to video games, it would have to be Donkey Kong. The game was simple. You play as Mario and your sole purpose throughout the game is to rescue your beloved sweetheart from a menacing giant gorilla. Run, jump, run some more, jump, grab the hammer and smash away at Donkey Kong’s annoying minions. Quarters and hours lost on such a simple yet addicting game. Passing levels at first seemed difficult, but the more quarters you invested into the box of wonder, the easier the preliminary levels were. Even as a young child I began to notice the game’s tendencies and I began to develop patterns for certain levels. Knowing when to jump over a barrel or double barrels was essential to surviving a level. Climbing ladders, jumping over pies in the pie factory level, running over trap doors on floors to stop pursuing minions from ruining your quest to link up with the fair maiden were just some of the things that you had to do to survive. Even at a young age I knew that I was not only financially vested in the game; I was emotionally vested as well. I needed to see what happened next for I had no idea that I was already wearing final fantasy shirts inside my personality. It was an amazing game adventure of my life. I have to know more. I have to discover more.

Wait Your Turn

The phenomena of video arcade games were unlike anything else I had ever experienced in my life. At my local 7/11 there were two games, Donkey Kong and another of my favorites Galaga and both always had lines of kids waiting to play. I, like the rest of the neighborhood kids, lined up my quarter on the game screen reserving my place to play, which at times took 30 to 40 minutes before my turn came up. I was known at the time as one of the best Donkey Kong players in our neighborhood and with that came spectators. My best friend stood by me reminding me of hazards in the game, a bully heckled me to make himself look cool, the teenager running the 7/11 stood by to see if his score would be broken and finally the crush of my childhood, Samantha, watched with her girlfriends as I played the game. This was my turn. My time to shine and to show Samantha that I was someone she needed to take notice of in her life. As my score crept up to the high score taped to the side of the arcade game the anticipation from the spectators grew, my heart raced and the adrenaline in me seemed to allow me to push the jump button and move the joystick with amazing accuracy and efficiency. Finally, I had beaten the score that had stood unbeaten for over a month and now I was the champion. My prizes for such a feat were fitting. I was praised by all the neighborhood kids and even the bully laid off me for a good week or so, but what mattered most to me was that Samantha had taken notice and I was no longer a passing hello, I was now “Hey Vic….cool score.”

It didn’t take long for my high score to be beaten by Chucky, the teenager that ran the 7/11, but for that week or so that I held the high score, I was the man. I had for once tasted what real victory was.

Reminiscing on my life I find that no matter what was going on; good or bad, video games were a major part of it. Still, Donkey Kong for me is what turned me into the gamer that I am today. Now I only wish my wife would accept and understand my passion I still have for video games. There is nothing wrong with an almost 40 year old man playing Modern Warfare 3 at 2:00am hyping up members on my team to dominate point “B” on the map with authority. “Honey, turn the lights off, I’m getting ready to level up and I don’t think I’m getting much sleep tonight!”

World Of Warcraft – The Nine Professions

In the World of Warcraft, gold is the currency that is used to buy and sell things that you require to indulge in various activities and develop your character. So you have to take up some occupation to earn gold in this multi-player online game, as you do in the real life to earn money. You have got a choice of getting into either of the nine professions available in WOW. Before deciding to choose a profession, let us have a look at a brief outline of all the nine professions. You can also get to know more of these professions in the official website of World of Craft. There are also other necessary information about them that you will know.

Miner – These are the guys who do mining, digging up new lands raw material that they provide to guys from other professions. This is a rather tough occupation, in which one has to face a lot of dangers in search of raw material. The miners look for gold, ore, bars, stones and other trinkets for their own use and to sell to others. Blacksmiths, jewel crafters and engineers rely on miners for the supply of raw material. The key to success in the profession of mining is to know the demand and look for that material rather than wasting your precious time and energy on something that is not in demand. That you ensures that you get good price of your material.

Herbalist

As the name suggests, in this profession you collects herbs. These herbs are supplied to alchemists. As with mining, you need to know what herbs are in demand by the alchemists. With practice, you know the places where there is good supply of herbs and flowers and thus your business thrives subsequently.

Skinner – In this occupation, you hunt animals and sell their skin. Leather workers are the people who buy that skin from you.

Engineer

In this profession, you make and sell weapons like guns, bombs, bullets, scopes and their components. This is one of the sophisticated professions and a difficult on before you reach high levels.

Jewel Crafting

This profession, as the name suggests, is a delicate crafting job. From raw material of gems and precious stones, you make beautiful jewels and ornaments. You sell the items created by you in auction houses and can get good price for them.

Blacksmithing

The people in this profession make armors and weapons from the raw material that they get from the miners. You need to get good quality raw material to make high quality products. This is a highly respectable profession and also very rewarding.

Alchemist

This profession involves making wonderful potions, a small bottle of which let a person gain breath underwater, boost strength and stamina and do other amazing things. These potions are made from plants, flowers and herbs supplied by an herbalist.

Leather work

In this profession, you make leather goods like light weight armors, leather outfits, items for disenchanting etc. The raw material is skin, which is supplied by skinners.

Tailoring

The people in this profession make clothes, bags, spell thread and other disenchantable items. Their products are in high demand and some of them have magic quality.

All these professions have their own charm and excitement and you can choose the one of your liking.

Best Viral Marketing Videos on YouTube

Looking for the best viral marketing tools? The marketing icon, Seth Godin, sets the ground rules for viral marketing success in these three YouTube videos that have all gone viral in the marketing community with more than 50,000 views each.

Godin is the founder of Squidoo and author of ten bestselling books on marketing. Godin’s marketing blog is a mainstay on top blog lists. According to Amazon, Godin’s tome, “Unleashing the Idea Virus,” is the world’s bestselling ebook. For buying real youtube views and to make your video viral you can click on the link. This is an easy way of improving your video’s ranking and popularity on youtube. You even get money as your videos get more and more views.

Best Viral Marketing Video #1
Seth Godin: Sliced Bread And Other Marketing Delights
YouTube posted by TEDtalksDirector
Views: More than 182,000 to date

Godin turns the notion of great products that sell themselves upside down pointing out that sliced bread didn’t really make any headway in the collective mind for 15 years after it was first invented. According to Godin, it took Wonder Bread to come along and spread the idea of sliced bread to make it ubiquitous.

Using his examples of “purple cows” and “blue boxes,” Godin drives home his message that “ideas that spread, win.” Godin packs this 18-minute presentation with marketing strategies, humor, and insight. “Consumers don’t care about you at all,” Godin says. He goes on to say that ignoring new products is the easiest option consumers have today.

stately urges marketers to “be remarkable” in order to reach out to the small group of consumers that will care enough to spread the word.

Best Viral Marketing Video #2
All Marketers Are Liars – Seth Godin Speaks At Google
YouTube posted by Google
Views: More than 80,000 to date

Godin reveals some of the viral marketing successes behind Google’s meteoric rise to ubiquity including its domination of permission marketing. According to Godin, the marketing challenge today is “finding products for your customers” rather than “customers for your products.”

The most critical element for viral marketing success, according to Godin, is having a product with a story worth telling. He reminds marketers that “no one cares about you.” Having permission “lets you tell your story.” If your story is good, people will tell it and sell it for you.

Best Viral Marketing Video #3
The Mindset Of A Winner
YouTube posted by SellingPower
Views: More than 57,000 to date

In this one-on-one interview, Godin talks frankly about how to avoid mediocrity. “Mediocrity is for losers,” Godin says. “The big win is when you refuse to settle for mediocrity,” Godin stresses that marketers need to focus not on the numbers and stats but on the conversations taking place. “The only way to win is to be talked about,” Godin says.

Want more of Seth Godin’s marketing advice? Check out his blog or Squidoo lens where you can get a summary of his marketing philosophy and download his free ebooks and articles. Check out all of his titles at the Seth Godin page on Amazon.

 

How To Introduce And Teach The Game Of Poker To Clueless Friends

The popularity of poker continues to rise. Recent legislation in the United States though made online play for money a thing of the past. As a result of this legislation, many people are interested in hosting home games for their friends, but not sure where to start. Many people that have friends who are serious about the game have little trouble starting a home game. Yet, starting a home game for friends that like the game and want to play, but are not serious players can be harder than you think. You should check out bandar ceme online if you want to learn about poker. It is really important that before to start your online poker career, you know all about the game. You can easily master the game of poker with a little online practice.

LIMITS

One of the first things you should do is set reasonable limits. If this is a social game, the whole idea of the game isn’t to win a lot of money, but to have fun with your friends while playing poker. I have found that sometimes it’s a good idea to set two types of limits. One involves the amount of money people bring. If everyone brings the same amount it will eliminate the problem some games have where people with more money than their friends try to “bully the table”, or bet big to drive out their opponents while knowing if they lose the hand they still have plenty of money to buy more chips. In a truly social game my suggestion would be limiting the amount to $20-40 per person for the night. Also I suggest making a limit for the highest bet in each better round, in games I’ve attended I’ve found a $2-3 limit is a good guideline.

VARIATIONS

The next item to consider is the type of games you will play. Some might assume that the game should be kept as simple and straight forward with just a couple varieties for new poker groups. I’ve actually found that isn’t necessarily true. In a social game people tend to enjoy games with different ways to have wild cards, and learning new games from their opponents. Keeping just enough luck in the game makes the game less serious and more social. Another piece of advice is to build off the games that you play and create your own home versions. One final suggestion as far as the type of game goes, is to have frequent split pot games. This keeps more people in the hand. In a social game it’s never fun to have to fold over and over again, with split pot games you have a higher likelihood of having a chance of at least half the pot.

ATMOSPHERE

Finally, keep the atmosphere of the game light. If this is truly a group of friends that enjoy playing poker and just want a social outlet to play and enjoy each other’s company the last thing you want to do is have the game become cut throat. Take a break in the middle of the evening to order food. Or maybe even to add to the social experience have everyone bring a six pack of their favorite beer and then give each of the other players one beer from their six pack. This way everyone ends up trying six different types of beers. To help with the social feeling of the group, if you notice one or two players are low on funds quickly during the evening, don’t be too quick to raise the betting. Don’t put them in a position where they might be forced out of the game early in the evening. Remember, first and foremost it’s a social activity with your friends, the poker game is just the canvas for the evening.

SUMMARY

Poker can be a great way to get your friends together and socialize. Many times with my group of friends the card game becomes secondary and the conversations and comraderie among the group is more important. If you wish to have a night with more serious play, make that decision ahead of time and let everyone know so they can decide if they want to play in that type of game. Otherwise, keep it light and social and you will find you will have no problem forming a regular social game for your group of friends.

Make Your Own Diy Shoulder Bag Or Haversack

Haversacks were used by soldiers in Civil War times for carrying their daily supplies. They acted as mess kits and also as large “purses” for the soldier. A haversack was usually worn over the shoulder by a long strap and had a large flap over the top with a buckle to keep it fastened. Usually it was made out of cotton or linen and had been waterproofed in some fashion. A soldier could carry about three days worth of rations in one. The original haversacks from Civil War times are now collectible items and can be quite valuable. For great read about knock off handbags you can click here. You get this range of affordable designer bags that you can choose from. These bags are really affordable as well.

You can make your own haversack quite easily and cheaply for use on hiking, hunting, or camping trips. The simplest way is to get a pair of extra-large men’s pants from a used clothing store – the really baggy kind that are so much in style today would be perfect. Make sure the pants are made of denim or some other type of heavy material. To gauge just how large your haversack should be, the original ones were typically about 13 inches wide and 11 inches deep. Because we are going to need a flap for the top, we will cut ours a little longer.

First, cut one of the pant legs off about 20 inches from the bottom. Then turn it inside out and sew across the unhemmed end so that it is securely closed. Now cut strips for a strap from the other leftover pant leg. Make sure the strips are long enough so that they will stretch from your hip to your opposite shoulder (the strap can be anywhere from 40 to 48 inches long, whatever is most comfortable for you). Sew the strips together and hem them. Then turn the pant leg right-side out. Attach the strap to the haversack by sewing each end about eight or nine inches from the top near the seams on each side. The extra pant leg length on top of the haversack will make it naturally hang closed as a flap when it is worn, so you really don’t need any buttons or buckles as fasteners, but of course you can attach them if you wish.

You can now decorate your haversack by adding beads, painting designs on the sides, adding a few pockets (maybe include a secret inside pocket), or even sew loops on one side for carrying shotgun shells.

A haversack is handy to take on all sorts of outdoor trips. But before embarking on any major journeys, you may want to pack it with a few useful supplies, such as a compass, a butane lighter, matches kept inside a waterproof container, paper in a waterproof plastic bag, an aluminum cup, a flask of water, writing implements, a small frying pan, a small sewing kit, silverware, packets of instant cocoa or soup, some napkins, small candles, a pocket knife, a small survival or wildlife book, etc.

Carry the haversack over your shoulder at all times while you are hiking or hunting so if you ever get lost you can use the things inside to start a signal fire. You can also boil water in the aluminum cup and enjoy some hot soup or cocoa while you are waiting to be rescued.